Graphs

Types

Bar
Pie
Line
Chart
Graphs

Doughnut
Bar
Pie
radar chart
polar chart
Line chart
Key for this page

! = a little

!! = significant amount

!!! = dramatic amount

Otherwise, rates / amounts are not specific

Describing Upwards change

*Usual

to go up
to increase / an increase
to rise / a rise
to grow / a growth

** Quite common

to improve / an improvement
to get better
to recover / a recovery
To take off / a take off !!!
Shot up !!!
Climbed / a climb

*** Rare
to creep !
to soar (remained high)
to rocket!!!

 

What happened between month 4 and 5?

Describing Downwards change

*Usual
to go down
to decline
to decrease / a decrease
to fall / a fall !!
to drop / a drop !!

**Quite common
to deteriorate / a deterioration
to get worse
to worsen / a worsening
to slump / a slump (falling for a long time)
To crash / a crash !!!
to slide / a slide

***Rare
to collapse / a collapse !!!
to plummet / a plummet !!!
to plunge !!!
to dive !!!
to stagnate (remained low)

 

What happened between months 5 and 6?

Speed of change

rapid -rapidly !!
steady -steadily
gradual -gradually !
slow – slowly

Degree of change

Sharp -sharply !!
Exponential -exponentially !!!
dramatic -dramatically !!!
significant -significantly !!
moderate -moderately !!
slight -slightly !
marked – markedly !!
Steep – steeply !!!
Substantial -ly !!
considerable -ly !!

What happened between A1 and A18?

Other

to remain stable
to flatten out
to hold steady
to level out
to reach a peak
to peak / a peak
to fluctuate / a fluctuation
to bottom out
to reach a low point
to hit a low / a low
to rally
to dip / a dip
to bounce back / to rebound
Negative growth

THE Future

The outlook seems …
The period looks…
We predict
The forecast is
We’re optimistic that / about

The past

Unexpectedly !!!
Suddenly !!!
As forecast
As suspected
As predicted

Feelings

Disappointing
Elated
Happy / Happily
Sadly
Unfortunately
Positive
Depressing
Gloomy
Delighted

 

Prepositions

to stand at
from…to…
by an increase of…
The rate of growth increased by 20%

Starting with £5
Sales increased to £10
There was an increase of £5 (total is £10)
Sales increased by £5 (total of £10)
… doubled (£10)
… tripled
… quadrupled

Time

Increased over the third quarter
Through the period (week month etc)
Continue
Through the quarter

Estimations

Just under
Just over
Well under / over
Approximately
Around / about
Roughly
Nearly

Using comparisons for a pie chart

To bring the audience you can precise the part of the chart:

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote

Can you name the other areas?

As you can see
Here
Over here
Over there
on the left/right
On the upper/lower part of the chart

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote

What other expressions can we use instead of “accounts for”? 

accounts for
makes up
stands for
represents

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote, while in comparison “purple” makes up 5%.

What other expressions can we use to compare sizes?

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote, as opposed to “purple” which makes up 5%.

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote, versus “purple” which makes up 5%.

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for more than 35% of the vote, while in comparison “purple” makes up less than 5%.

To compare, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote, while in comparison “purple” makes up 5%.

On the right, we can see the majority voted for “light blue” with 45% of the vote, while in comparison only a small minority voted for “purple”, making up 5%.

On the right, we can see “light blue” accounts for nearly 45% of the vote, compared to “purple” which makes up 5%.

On the right, we can see “light blue” had a far greater share of the  vote with 45%, while “purple” had a much smaller share, with 5%.

Test 1

Look at the following graph.

Adverbs: Slightly / dramatically/ rapidly / gradually

Adjectives: stable / huge/ slight / rapid

Verbs: Fall / rise / jump / shoot /

Nouns: a + fall/ drop /increase / rise /

Now complete the following sentences using the appropriate words:

  1. Sales went up _____ in 2001.
  2. Sales_______ from 752K in 2000 to _____ in 2007.
  3. Sales ________ (verb) _________ (adverb) from 2001 to 2006.
  4. There was a ______ (adjective) _______ (noun) between 2001 and 2006.
  5. Sales ______ (verb) _______(adverb) from 2007 to 2010.

Test 2

The number of arrows shows the degree of change required

1. Well Mary, sales are ____________ (negative feeling), could you tell us why sales have __________ ↓ ? The board wants an explanation.

2. Sales ________ ↑↑ in January reaching a ________ (top limit) of 6,700 before __________ ↓↓ to 5,800 in just a week!

3. June was a _________ (the figures didn’t really change) month, with sales ____________ (going up and down) ___________ 5 and 6,000.

4. Our twitter followers __________ ↓↓↓ in August because of the outrage, _______ 2000 _______ 500!!!

5. I’m not sure about the data, it seems our reach ________ ↑ to _______ (unsure) 10.5K

6. We are quite __________ (good feeling) about the future, we __________ (to guess the future) sales ____ (preposition) approximately 200k